International Building Exhibitions (IBA) have been a major tradition in Germany since 1901, in terms of both municipal planning and building culture. They have always been more than just exhibitions, engaging at all times with current contemporary challenges.
The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg launched the IBA Hamburg International Building Exhibition (www.iba-hamburg.de) in 2006 to support a long-term sustainable development on the river island Wilhelmsburg, which is significant for the whole Hamburg area (combining industry, the port, water, housing, green and open space….), with the aim of initiating ‘Building the City Anew’ and providing this with a conceptual underpinning, based on new strategies connected with three topical and internationally discussed urban development themes.
With a view to encouraging the realisation of the project, IBA Hamburg GmbH [IBA Hamburg & Co. Ltd.] was founded as a 100 percent subsidiary of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. Right now, about 30 architects, planners, educational and cultural experts are working on urban planning and architectural competitions, new educational and local economy concepts, finding investors, partners and stakeholders and coordinating the realization of the different projects. In 2013, more than 50 projects will be presented, but already now, the exhibitions, congresses, workshops and realized projects are destination of thousands of regional, national and international visitors, experts and general public both.
The first of the mentioned key themes relates to the question of the future shape of shared living in an urban society that is becoming more international and multicultural all the time. This guiding ideal goes by the name of the ‘Cosmopolis’. The second guiding ideal, ‘Metrozones’, aims to highlight the often concealed potential of the ‘inner city periphery’. And finally with its third headline project, ‘Cities and Climate Change’, IBA Hamburg tackles the question how to balance the requirements of urban growth and climate conservation.
Therefore a ‘Future Concept Renewable Wilhelmsburg’ (ENERGY ATLAS) has been designed.
The ENERGY ATLAS demonstrates that it will be possible to meet the electricity requirements of the buildings on the Elbe Islands by 2025, and that by 2050 almost all of their heating requirement will be covered by renewable and locally produced energy. It also shows that the target of converting the ElbeIslands to climate neutrality can be accomplished by 2050. And more: it will create local jobs and secure sustainable employment in the trades and commerce.
Graduate Engineer, Project Coordinator „Cities and Climate Change“